Food packaging


Tencel is cellulose-based regenerated fibre made of eucalyptus tree. Tencel is an ecological material for clothes.

Paper is a common consumable made of wood pulp. Paper is used in books, newspapers, magazines and banknotes, for example.


Woodcast is made of aspen woodchips and biodegradable plastic and replaces earlier splint materials. There is no need to remove the splint for taking X-rays and it can be disposed of in organic or energy waste.

Wood fibre-based paperboard packaging can be recycled and used as raw material for new products.

Xylitol chewing gum

Raw material for xylitol is derived from birch, for example. In industry, xylitol is made of birch hemicellulose.

Disposable tableware

Baking paper


What is special about these paperboard cups developed in Finland is that they withstand hot coffee and grease but are 100% plastic-free and biodegradable. The cups can be recycled.

A composite refers to a combination of two or more materials, in which are not completely merged with or dissolved into each other. In wood fibre composites, at least one of the materials is wood.

Spruce sprout drink

Spruce sprout drink is made of young spruce sprouts. Sprouts can also be used as is to season salads and other dishes.

Baking paper is naturally greaseproof and heat-resistant and can be used in oven temperatures up to approximately 250°C. It is made of pure cellulose and, thanks to its post-treatment, it has a non-stick surface on both sides.

Baking tray

An alternative to disposable baking trays containing aluminium and plastic has been developed: a disposable baking tray that is paperboard laminated with baking paper, made of 100% renewable wood-based raw materials and consequently fully biodegradable.


The coffee filter was patented on 20 June 1908. A coffee filter is made of paper and can be recycled in organic waste after use.

Wood products

A wood product acts as a carbon storage. Carbon remains stored in wood products throughout their life cycle. Carbon will be released when the wood product decomposes or is used in energy production.


Cellulose is used in the food industry in various fillers and additives. E460, E461, E463, E464, E465, E466, E467, E468 and E469 are wood-based fillers, emulsifiers, stabilisers, thickeners or gelling agents.




Viscose is regenerated fibre made of cellulose and is used in the clothing industry.

The pharmaceutical industry uses compounds derived from wood. For example, betulin from birch trees lowers cholesterol and HMR lignan from spruces prevents cancer and cardiovascular diseases.


Many cosmetics contain wood-based materials. Raw materials derived from birch bark, a forest industry by-product, can replace current materials and save resources.

Every Finn uses more than 17 kg of tissue per year. The key products are toilet paper and paper towels. Both primary fibre and recycled fibre are used in tissue production.

Nail polish

The structure of nail polish is created with acetate made of dissolving pulp. The same acetate can be used in hair conditioners, styling foams and tooth pastes, among other things.


Durable jewellery and accessories can be made of wood. These birch earrings are made in Finland using residual materials from a furniture factory.



These cosmetics packages of a Finnish company are made of Finnish pine. No chemicals were used in the process as wood is naturally antibacterial.

Wound dressing

FibDex® is the first wound dressing made with wood-based nanocellulose, developed in Finland. Nanocellulose has proved to be compatible with human cells and tissues.

The product is used in hospitals and at clinics.


This hanger is made of biocomposite. Biocomposite is a versatile and durable material that can be used in a wide range of applications.

Natural cosmetics

This oil cleansing cake, made of natural ingredients, is packed in biodegradable barrier board, which not only protects the product but also prevents the oil contained in the product from spreading. No glue was used in the packaging.




The seat of this Finnish stool is made of birch plywood. Birch plywood is a good material for interior decoration as it is very durable. As a natural material, every piece of wood is unique.

Wood is a perfect material for durable, unique furniture. This Finnish piece of storage furniture is produced using veneer board made of Finnish spruce. A wood product also acts as a carbon storage.

Ballpoint pen

Bioplastic is plastic that is completely or partially produced from renewable natural resources. Some bioplastics are also biodegradable.

The fabric on this iPad cover is partly made of newspaper! Ioncell is a technological innovation created in Finland. With it, recycled materials or wood can be turned into long-lasting fabrics without harmful chemicals.

Paperboard straw

It takes more than 200 years for a plastic straw to decompose. For this reason, the European Parliament has banned plastic straws.

The paperboard straw is made of wood fibre.


Like other paper grades, the paper used in newspapers is made of wood pulp, often from recycled paper. At the paper mill, printing ink is removed from recycled paper and the resulting pulp is used for making new paper.


Chipboard is made of woodchips that results from sawing boards and planks. Woodchips are mixed with glue and the mixture is pressed into sheets. Chipboard is widely used as it is cheap and easy to work with.


Plywood sheets are produced by gluing thin layers of wood veneer together. Plywood is used in construction, vehicles, furniture, cast moulds and so on.

Sawn timber

One kilogram of dry wood binds 1.5 kilograms of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The amount of carbon bound by a wooden single-family house equals the amount of carbon that a four-member family releases with ten years of driving or ten holidays in the south.

Corrugated board

Light and durable corrugated board is the most common material in transport packaging. Corrugated board can be sorted into paperboard waste or burned.

Bedding shavings

Shavings resulting from timber being planed can be used as animal bedding.

Milk carton

This milk carton is made of paperboard but its coating is also wood-based. The packaging coating made of pulp production residues is an innovation created by a Finnish company.

Interior plywood

In addition to construction, wood can also be used in interior decoration. Wooden interior decoration elements decrease the carbon footprint of construction and act as a long-term carbon storage.


Construction consumes approximately half of all the natural resources we use and generates roughly 40 per cent of all waste. Wood is the most energy-efficient construction material and buildings also act as carbon storages.


Car tyres


Cellophane is a cellulose-based film that is resistant to moisture, oil, grease and bacteria. It is used in wrapping food, flowers and presents, for example. Cellophane is biodegradable.

Wood is used in many kinds of hobby equipment. Sports equipment, musical instruments, games, painting and drawing supplies...

Paptic bag

Paptic is a wood fibre-based packing material developed in Finland. It can replace plastic in many packing purposes, including shopping bags. One bag can be used several times.

Wood-based materials are also used in car manufacturing. Car tyres contain dissolving pulp and car paints are manufactured using nitrocellulose, the purest and most expensive form of cellulose.


In Finland, wood-based diesel is produced using raw pine oil that is residual material from pulp production. The fuel is made of forest industry residues and does not compete with food production for raw materials.


A wooden pallet, or a so-called Euro-pallet, has standard dimensions and is the most used pallet in transport and storage. Pallets can also be used in interior decoration.